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History & people of the Serengeti

The Maasai people had been grazing their livestock in the open plains for around 200 years when the first European explorers visited the area. German geographer and explorer Dr. Oscar Baumann entered the area in 1892. The first Brit to enter the Serengeti, Stewart Edward White, recorded his explorations in the northern Serengeti in 1913. Because the hunting of lions made them so scarce, the British decided to make a partial game reserve of 800 acres (3.2 square km) in the area in 1921 and a full one in 1929. These actions became the basis for Serengeti National Park, which was established in 1951. The Serengeti gained more fame after the initial work of Bernhard Grzimek and his son Michael in the 1950s. Together they produced the book and film “Serengeti Shall Not Die,” an early nature conservation documentary.

The first Brit to enter the Serengeti, Stewart Edward White, recorded his explorations in the northern Serengeti in 1913. Because the hunting of lions made them so scarce, the British decided to make a partial game reserve of 800 acres (3.2 square km) in the area in 1921 and a full one in 1929. These actions became the basis for Serengeti National Park, which was established in 1951

Meaning of Serengeti, Animals & Size

The Serengeti is a vast ecosystem in east-central Africa. It spans 15,000 square miles (30,000 square kilometers), the word Serengeti Comes from Maa Language which is Maasai Language and it means “endless plains” .This region of Africa is located in North Tanzania and extends to southwestern Kenya. Besides being known for the great migration, the Serengeti is also famous for its abundant large predators include Lions, Cheetahs, Hyenas, Leopards and abundant of other Animals such as Great herds of buffalo, groups of elephant and giraffe, and many other ungulates such as eland, topi, kongoni, impala and Grant’s gazelle are resident at any time of the year.

The Serengeti mostly covers flat or gently rolling grasslands, interspersed with the occasional rock outcrops, or kopjes. But this is just the centre of a whole ecosystem which covers more than double that area, and includes Grumeti Reserve, Ikorongo Game Reserve, Loliondo Controlled Area, Maswa Game Reserve, part of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area and also Kenya’s relatively small Maasai Mara Game Reserve. This combined area is often referred to as the Greater Serengeti area, or the Serengeti-Mara ecosystem

….the word Serengeti Comes from Maa Language which is Maasai Language and it means “endless plains”

Altitude & Climate

Altitudes in the Serengeti range from 3,020 feet to 6,070 feet (920 meters to 1,850 meters), according to UNESCO. The usually warm and dry climate is interrupted by two rainy seasons — March to May, and a shorter season in October and November.

Serengeti Hot Air Balloon Safari

There is nothing quite like gliding serenely over the vast plains of the Serengeti as the wildlife teems below, on a romantic and evocative balloon safari. Your pilot will also be your guide, pointing out wildlife and features along the way.

After this breathtaking experience, savor a sparkling wine and gourmet breakfast cooked by a chef over the balloon’s burner.

Serengeti balloon rides are available Year round

  • Central Serengeti (Seronera)
  • Serengeti South (Ndutu) from the end of December until the end of March.
  • Western Corridor from the beginning of June until the end of September.

Please note these balloon rides are not suitable for children under the age of seven.

Mara River and the Migration River Crossing

Witnessing a river crossing of the great wildebeest migration is a heart pounding experience. The path of the migration takes the herds across the Grumeti River in the Serengeti and then the Mara River in the Maasai Mara. The herds concentrate into a dense pack of many thousands of animals, plunging through the deep water, with crocodiles lying in wait for the weak and unwary. The major river crossings take place in July (Grumeti) and in September (Mara), Visiting the Mara River can be one of the Most Dramatic Wildlife Natural show on earth, this dramatic action can be best part of your Safari to Serengeti a from July to September.

Western Grumeti River & the Crocodiles

The crocodiles that live in the Grumeti River are renowned as the largest in Africa. Feasting on the casualties from the river crossings of the wildebeest, they can grow up to six meters long! There is an enthralling and dramatic tension in watching the wildebeest gather themselves to cross the river, as the crocodiles float nearby, awaiting their chance for dinner.

This fearsome predator has a loving nature to its young. Although most reptiles leave their eggs and move on, Nile crocodiles ferociously guard their nests until the eggs hatch.

The Nile crocodile will wait for hours and even days for the suitable moment to attack. Once their prey has come close enough, the fast moving Nile crocodile with its powerful jaws and sharp teeth create a grip that is almost impossible to escape from. They can easily hold down even large prey underwater to drown them.

If you time your visit just right, you can watch the spectacular sight of wildebeest versus crocodiles. Between May and August, when the great wildebeest and zebra migration crosses the Grumeti River, the Grumeti crocs are waiting to feed. In fact, they’ve been waiting a long time. Witnessing this age old battle of survival is simply a magnificent sight indeed. Thought the year, crocodiles, lions, cheetah, hyenas, and leopards are plentiful in the area. The crocodiles of the Grumeti are gigantic and worth seeing.

Serengeti Kopjes

Dotting this vast savannah are outcrops of granite that stick out like rocky islands in a sea of grass. They are called kopjes, and were formed when the soft volcanic rock and ash that covers Serengeti were eroded away to expose the extremely old metamorphic rock below. Standing majestically around plains of savannah with vegetation dominated by bushes and grass these beautiful metamorphic rocks consist of very hard granite capable of resisting erosion from rain and harsh tropical winds. Aside from providing a scenic contrast to the surrounding grasslands, kopjes provide habitat for many creatures because of the presence of a variety of plants, caves for dwelling, water, and a vantage point for Serengeti’s many predators.

Kopjes are essentially piles of ancient rocks that poke through the more recent soils and surface rocks. These rocks were laid down more than 500 million years ago all over Africa. Over this, volcanic activity from volcanoes of the Ngorongoro highlands deposited a layer of rocks and ash, about one million years ago, to create a rich and fertile soil that produces short, sweet grass when it rains. As the surface rock and soil wore away, it exposed the uneven top of the granite layer forming kopjes.  

How to get to Serengeti (Both by Air & Road)
  • Seronera Road via Seronera Gate: from the South join both Serengeti & Ngorongoro this road save most of Safari Doers start from Arusha & Moshi and Overnight at Karatu.
  • Northern Corridor Road Via Klein’s Gate : In the North Side there is road join Serengeti from Natron Area and Ol Doinyo Lengai via Maasai Villages however this doesn’t offer a lot of Wildlife till someone arrive at Klein’s Serengeti Gate it offers scenic Views of real African Village Life.  
  • Western Road: through the Western Corridor there is the Road joining the Serengeti from Mwanza Region which host large part of Lake Victoria, this Road saves most people who want     
  • Airstrip and Flights : Serengeti can be accessed through different Airport from North (Kogatende Airstrip) Central Serengeti (Seronera Airstrip), Western Serengeti (Grumeti Airstrip)  , Through different Flights from Different Airport in Tanzania you can fly direct in to Serengeti either Dar es Salaam, Kilimanjaro , Arusha or other Local Airstrip through different Charters like Flight link, Auric Air, Precision Air & Coastal Aviation.  

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